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ISRO- After Chandrayaan And Mangalyaan, Its Gaganyaan

With the biggest achievements of Chandrayaan 1 in 2008, Mangalyaan 1 in 2013 and the very recent Chandrayaan 2 in 2019, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has now announced its 2020 plans. ISRO chairman K Sivan revealed that the organization is planning to launch 12 key satellite missions including the high-profile interplanetary mission Aditya (sun) and first unmanned test-flight of the Gaganyaan mission, carrying a robot with human features (humanoid).

'We are targeting to launch over 10 satellite missions next year. They will include advanced communication satellites GISAT 1 and GISAT-12R and earth observation satellites RISAT-2BR2 and Microsat (for surveillance). We are also targetting to launch Aditya L1 (Sun) Mission by mid-2020 and the first unmanned test-flight of Gaganyaan in December,' Sivan said.

Talking about Aditya L1 Mission, it will be India's first-ever solar mission. The aim is to study the solar Corona, which is the outer most part of the Sun's atmosphere. Sivan also revealed that a PSLV will be used to carry the spacecraft. The 400 KG-Class satellite will carry six scientific payloads that will be inserted in a halo orbit around the Lagrangian point 1 (L1). For reference, L1 is 1.5 million km from the Earth.

'The test-flight of the reusable launch vehicle (RLV) and the first development flight of newly-developed Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV or mini-PSLV) are likely to be launched by early next year,' Siva added.  The Gaganyaan mission will include GSLV MKIII launch vehicle that will carry a humanoid robot to space.

The scientists will monitor the activities of humanoid and this is the first test flight which will be followed by a second unmanned one in July 2021 and finally the human spaceflight mission in December 2021.




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